Nativist theories of second language acquisition

Nativist Theories of Second Language Acquisition: Noam Chomsky Nativist Theories of Second Language Acquisition: Noam Chomsky  Term Paper ID:27368 Essay Subject: Discusses Chomsky's theory of language acquisition, in which there exists some sort of "language organ" that makes language possible for humans & impossible for animals. Also discusses Chomsky's concept of the Universal Grammar (UG).... 3 Pages / 675 Words 9 sources, 7 Citations, APA Format 12.00 Paper Abstract: Discusses Chomsky's theory of language acquisition, in which there exists some sort of "language organ" that makes language possible for humans & impossible for animals. Also discusses Chomsky's concept of the Universal Grammar (UG).Paper Introduction: Nativist Theories of Second Language Acquisition: Noam Chomsky Introduction According to Larsen-Freeman and Long (1991), nativist theories posit the existence of a specific, innate biological capacity or organ that makes learning possible. Some of those nativist theories are specific to language acquisition, with Noam Chomsky perhaps the earliest and foremost exponent of the theory that language acquisition follows a universal pattern based on an innate language organ, or system of hard-wiring within the brain.

Noam Chomsky and Universal Grammar Chomsky became most visible in his struggles with the researchers who were working with chimpanzees and gorillas to In his earliest theorizing about language and language acquisition, Chomsky (1965, 1968) asserted that there was a language function in thebrain that made it possible for children to learn language. He concluded that otheranimals did not have this function within their brains, and therefore couldnot acquire language, although they could learn to communicate. Second-language acquisition in childhood Vol. I: Preschool children. (1984).

(1993). New York: PantheonBooks. An introduction to secondlanguage acquisition research. It was, accordingto Chomsky, an innate and distinctive language function that made itpossible for human beings to learn language. In the same way that a baby bird seems to simply "know"migration patterns without being taught clearly and directly, baby humansseem to "know" the rules of appropriate syntax.

(1972). Chomsky, N. McLaughlin, B. Larsen-Freeman, D.

, & Long, M. Essentially, itwas an internal language acquire and processor, what Chomsky termed his"Language Acquisition Device (LAD)". NY: Harcourt BraceJovanovich. In other words, in looking at the evidence, Chomsky and other nativist theorists concluded that the languageacquisition that took place was greater and more efficient than seemedwarranted by the language training, direct and indirect, that the childreceived. Larsen-Freeman and Long (1991) noted that laterresearch has shown that most caretaker utterances are well-formed.

London:Edward Arnold. Languagewas essentially defined as an exclusively human characteristic; anythingany other species did was automatically not language. New York: Harcourt BraceJovanovich.

Some of those nativist theories are specific tolanguage acquisition, with Noam Chomsky perhaps the earliest and foremostexponent of the theory that language acquisition follows a universalpattern based on an innate language organ, or system of hard-wiring withinthe brain. Noam Chomsky and Universal Grammar Chomsky became most visible in his struggles with the researchers whowere working with chimpanzees and gorillas to help them develop language. According to Chomsky, this was impossible, and would always be impossible, because only human beings had the capacity for language. Essentially, then, the child was not learning strictly from outside


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