TV VIOLENCE & AGGRESSION IN CHILDREN. TV VIOLENCE & AGGRESSION IN CHILDREN. Term Paper ID:24423 Buy This Paper Essay Subject: Evaluates history of studies examining a possible link between violence on TV & children's anti-social behavior.... 10 Pages / 2250 Words 19 sources, 30 Citations, APA Format 40.00 Paper Abstract: Evaluates history of studies examining a possible link between violence on TV & children's anti-social behavior.Paper Introduction: The purpose of this research is to examine whether television violence causes aggression in children.
The plan of the research will be to set in historical context the rising concern over this issue, and then to focus on experimental, correlational, and longitudinal psychological research demonstrating that there is compelling evidence in the professional literature that television violence causes children to be aggressive. As appropriate, competing philosophical and theoretical positions on the connection between violent television programming and real-life violence will be alluded to, with a view toward suggesting implications and forecasting possible lines of development of resolution of difficulties posed by that connection. The effects of television violence on the behavior and socia 18). Warning from Washington. Arendt suggests, indeed, that exposure to violence maysometimes be beneficial.
Cannon, C. Seamy side of democracy: repression in America. The difficulty of demonstrating anunambiguous connection is cited by Freedman (1984), who says that even ifexposure to and preference for violent television content can be correlatedwith social aggression, no correlation has been found that early exposureto TV violence guarantees aggression in later years.
Sanson, A., & di Muccio, C. Controversysurrounded the report because of popular (i. e., not technical) pressinterpretations (Cater & Strickland, 1976, p.
Thisdoes not mean that television does not affect perceptions and behavior butrather that television violence per se may not explain feelings of socialpathology in children. Based on test results that haverepeatedly shown that those viewing violent programs are more likely to actaggressively, two points of view have developed, from "activists who seekto limit television violence and critics who maintain that the evidence isstill inconclusive" (Warning, 1982, p. Afterward, by means ofeither interviews or observation of children in group settings, participants are judged in terms of their willingness or desire to behaveaggressively in social situations.
A 1982 report on TV violence and antisocial behavior sponsored by theNational Institute of Mental Health describes studies conducted since 197 that prove television's role in inciting violence in children that does notdisappear in adulthood. 147).
Thereport was based on "twenty-three independent research projects and morethan forty technical papers" (Cater & Strickland, 1976, p. What this study found was that behavior of bothgirls and boys in the American sample was consistent with the frequency ofviolent-TV watching and the level of violence in a given violent TVprogram, and further, that the degree to which a child (especially a boy)identified with a character determined the tendency toward aggression ingeneral and increases in tolerance for aggression in particular. B. Additionally, sex-selected differences were more pronounced among the older children thanamong younger.
While individual studies vary in goals and methods, a typical measureof the effect of television violence involves having a sample ofparticipants view either preselected TV fare containing what is determinedto be violent or programming that lacks violence. (1984, September). Agreeing that over the long haul violence willinhere in a more violent world, she also states that "violence. Influence of aggressive andneutral cartoons and toys on the behaviour of preschool children. Australian Psychologist, 28, 93-99.
79). Inother words, five-year-olds who viewed violent TV would not necessarilyfollow a trend line to aggressive social behavior by the age of ten. This finding suggests that observed differences between males and females in attraction to violence may really be a function of their interest in the theme of justice-restoration (Cantor & Nathanson, 1997, p. (1993, December). L.
Much still clearly remains to bediscovered, but our major conclusions are unlikely to be changed by suchfuture work" (Eysenck & Nias, 1978, p. One longitudinal (three-year) studythat comparing effects of aggressive and socially responsible charactermodels on several hundred children in Holland hypothesized that aggressivebehavior was a consequence of TV violence viewing found an apparentpositive correlation between the two variables, but only up to a point(Wiegman, Kuttschreuter, & Baarda, 1992). It was not confirmed forthe boys not rated as aggressive. (1997, Spring). For example, the reactions and behaviorof American and Finnish children were compared over a period of the firstfive years of elementary school, with a view toward finding therelationship between viewing TV violence and the likelihood of futureaggressive behavior in these children.
Cannon and Krasny (1993), as well as Chidney (1996), cite multiplereports of violent and grisly murders--from mass shootings in public placesto torture murders--many of whose perpetrators explained their actions asbeing duplications of what had been viewed on television. The only effect contrary to repressive values was that television slightly enhanced respect for other culture.
Sex violence and the media. New York: St. However, this attraction was not unambiguously relatedto social aggression: Rather than liking all types of violence (as most theories of gender differences assume), male children seem to be attracted to shows in which violence is used to accomplish larger goals.
R., Lagerspetz, K., & Eron, L. 112) in its results and conclusions.
Eysenck and Nias appearconvinced that the potential threat to society posed by violence intelevision justifies its censorship, although, they explain that they "donot wish to exclude all violence; this would clearly be impossible, as wellas undesirable" (Eysenck & Nias, 1978, p. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 227-246. Martin's Press. Wolfe continues elsewhere: [T]elevision makes children materialistic and keeps them in adolescence longer.
Another study set out to measure the effect of television violence onelementary school boys' aggression in a controlled setting (Josephson,1987). Not all studies agreethat real-life aggression is be explained as attributable to sociallylearned behavior by television example. 2-4, et passim), infightingamong various research groups, and disagreements over the issue within thevarious disciplines that set themselves the task of explaining the nexus ofreal-life aggression and television violence. (1996, June 17). (1973).
. Newsweek, 121-2. Then the boys were invited to play field hockey, during which theirrelative aggressiveness was observed. . Sohn, D.
American Psychologist 37, 197-211. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 147-164. In other words, an additional factor ofpredisposition to violence on one hand or a predisposing resistance to thepower of violence to manipulate behavior may be required in order to arriveat a definite conclusion about the connection between TV violence andaggressive social behavior. Kids today. Experimental groupswatched a violent program that included the use of an electroniccommunicating device; control groups watched nonviolent TV.
Thechildren were eight years old. To control for environmentalfactors, the parents of the majority of the children were interviewed inorder to determine the level of adult aggression from which children mighttake behavioral cues irrespective of cues from television (Huesmann, Lagerspetz, & Eron, 1984).
Murphy, C. The principalmechanism of verification of early findings has been to create studies ofchildren in a variety of cultures. It persists in the contextof evidence that modern society is rife with violence that seemsattributable to cues from popular culture, whether television, movies, ormusic. Consider forexample arguments to the effect that factors besides television may beresponsible for aggression in the U. S.
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